Christmas in Norwegian Kindergartens: How Are Muslim Children Included?
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionJournal of empirical theology. 2023, 1-13. 10.1163/15709256-20231156
Like the rest of Norwegian society, Norwegian kindergartens are becoming increasingly diverse in terms of religion. This is also reflected in the governing documents of kindergartens, which state that they should work with religion. This article explores to what extent Christmas in kindergartens is adapted to include Muslim children in the group. The article is based on interviews with six kindergarten teachers conducted between 2020 and 2022. Perspectives related to inclusion, freedom of religion, and previous research are used as a starting point to discuss the findings. The article highlights that adaptations of Christmas traditions are largely focused on ensuring that all children have the opportunity to participate in activities without being seen as practicing a specific religion. There is minimal focus on adapting the content to better suit a multireligious group of children.Christmas in Norwegian Kindergartens: How Are Muslim Children Included?